Map of leading art centers in Renaissance Italy
- Began in early 1400s in Florence, Italy
- Spread to Rome and Venice
- Naturalistic art reborn
- Re-emergence of Greco-Roman ideals
- Rebirth of Humanism
- Rediscovery of art of ancient Greece and Rome
- Study of human body and natural world in a scientific manner
The Fifteenth Century in Florence
Florence is considered to have been the source of the Renaissance, which began at the beginning of the 15th century. At the time, Florence was governed by wealthy merchant families, including the Albizzi, Capponi, Medici, Pazzi, and Strozzi. By the 1430s the Medici family, great patrons of the arts and literature, ny all due respects ruled the city, but not by title.
The most famous artists of the early Renaissance:
- Masaccio - groundwork for three-dimensional realism in painting
- Donatello- groundwork for three-dimensional realism in sculpture
- Botticelli went in a different direction with his painting.